Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

What is FAS?

FAS (Fetal Alcohol syndrome) refers to a group of physical, behavioral and cognitive abnormalities that can occur to unborn babies when pregnant women drink alcohol and pass the alcohol along to their unborn babies through the blood stream. FAS is identified by abnormal facial features, central nervous system problems and a slowness of growth. FAS can cause physical and mental disabilities of varying severity (including intellectual disability). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is also caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. Children with FASD do not have full FAS, but may demonstrate learning and behavioral problems.

The prevalence of FAS is not known. Most studies indicate that 1-100 live births result in FASD. The statistics rely heavily on self-reporting which may likely be low.

Currently, The Arc Muskegon is a member of the State of Michigan Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Task Force.

Health Care Professionals’ Attitudes and Knowledge about FASDs: Findings from The Arc’s FASD Needs Assessment.

The Arc’s FASD Needs Assessment PDF